January 19, 2009

Are Scientists in Government Immune to Weird Science?


Tarot CardsHow does the United States define the direction of government science?  How do secret government scientist’s physics and metaphysics leanings and biases factor into government funding for various avenues of funding and research?  Why are scientists sucked into strange scientific theories and avenues of research? These are important questions for citizens of the United States.  Since the terrorist attacks of 2001, classified government funding for programs controlled by the Pentagon has increased by an amazing 48%, to over $27 billion.   These funds are shielded from public oversight because of its status as secret government clandestine research.   This means that the government could be researching some of the most controversial and disturbing scientific concepts of our time, and you have absolutely no say in the matter.  It’s for the good of “National Security,” or so they say.

A Case Study – The U.S. Remote Viewing Program

A prime example of how secret government science research is handled and funded is the Remote Viewing and parapsychology research conducted by Intelligence and Military branches of the government.  For the most part, this research was initially examined by the CIA in the early 1970’s.  After a preliminary study, and after contracting research related to that study to SRI (directed by Hal Puthoff and Russ Targ), Kenneth Kress wrote a final report in 1977 titled, “Parapsychology in Intelligence: A Personal Review and Conclusions.”  Although rumors have circulated through the years within various books and websites regarding the alleged early “successes” of SRI’s remote viewing research, Kenneth Kress’ analysis offers us a unique insight into the dilemma many secret government scientists were facing at the time.  Faced with claims of successful remote viewing sessions, yet also faced with the same number of blatant failed tests – scientists within the government were split.  There were believers and there were skeptics, and the rest are scientists who were everywhere in between.  Ken Kress describes the transition in 1977 when the CIA dropped interest, but other military agencies picked it up – entertaining SRI’s proposals for funding and further research.

From CIA to DoD / Air Force

How are scientists within the government monitored?  According to Ken Kress’ report, the “Human Resources Subcommittee on R&D” exhaustively reviewed the existing CIA and DoD parapsychology research in 1977 and still found the results inconclusive.  Kress reported that the CIA continued receiving “several proposals from SRI and other contractors,” but the CIA did not accept any further proposals for this area of government science.  In 1977, there were no further plans by the CIA to fund further parapsychology research.

However, it is interesting to observe how “believers” within other agencies helped to promote the spending of secret government funds into parapsychology.  According to Kress, the DIA became interested in 1973, due to reports regarding similar Soviet research (some of these reports came from folks like Russ Targ and other potential contractors).  According to Kress’ report, in 1977 the DIA “remains interested on a low priority basis.”  Kress also reported that the Army expressed interest in parapsychology related to experiences they had with some of their platoon point men in Vietnam.  However, by 1977 that interest had also faded off.  Kress reports, “After a few more follow-up meetings, the Army Materiel Command was never heard from again.”  DARPA are scientists who were not only uninterested, but Kress describes them as being “hostile” toward parapsychology research.

By 1977, the Navy expressed interest, and even funded SRI to conduct several controlled government science experiments.  This could be a reference to the reported story where Ingo allegedly RV’d a UFO near a submarine.  Regardless, other more skeptical Navy researchers found the Navy’s interest in “mind warfare” avenues of research as disturbing and inappropriate, and ultimately Navy funding ended as well.

According to Kress’ report, in 1977, “active funding for parapsychology now has shifted to the Air Force’s Foreign Technology Division.”  According to Kress, in 1977 a second phase of research was already funded by the Air Force in order to evaluate the transmission of signals or communications by psychic means.  Kress reports that in 1977, the Air Force results were “more consistent than those sean during the CIA research, but still they are mixed.”  Kress also makes note of the overall rising public interest in parapsychology due throughout the general public, and sees the public revelations of the CIA’s interest as healthy because, “These publications will also stimulate other scientific investigations into parapsychology.”  In large part, Kress was refering to the publication of Mind Reach by Targ and Puthoff.

1975 – 1979 – Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Foreign Technology Division (FTD)

Wright PattersonAre scientists within the Air Force more gullible?  Since the release of many thousands of formerly classified documents outlining the government’s foray into paranormal research of the mind, few government science researchers have been quite as persistent and determined to reveal the details of those documents to the public as Gary Bekkum at Starstream Research.  According to FOIA documents, as reported by Gary Bekkum at his website:

“A summary of activity requested by Senate Appropriations Committee via Congressionally Directed Action states:

‘The U.S Air Force National Air Intelligence Center, formerly the Foreign Technology Division (FTD), initiated its program by asking whether the phenomena existed and whether it could be used to collect intelligence … [redacted service or agency] research effort focused on the use of RV [remote viewing] to collect intelligence data …’”

According to Dale Graff’s book Tracks in the Psychic Wilderness: An Exploration of Remote Viewing, ESP, Precognitive Dreaming, and Synchronicity – in 1975, Dale Graff was an applied aerospace engineer and physicist with the Air Force’s Foreign Technology Division at Wright Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton.  His primary work was monitoring the latest research into the various applications of sensor devices.  In the course of this work with the Air Force, he reviewed alleged Soviet research into this area, and recommended that the Air Force should looking further into the phenomenon and its future potential.

Subsequently, the Air Force tasked Dale Graff with looking into remote viewing research being conducted by Harold Puthoff and Russell Targ at Stanford Research Institute.  Graff was asked to look into their research and its possible applications of interest to the military.  Graff’s report was positive, and SRI remote viewing became secretly funded by the Department of Defense.

The years from 1975 to 1979 fall within the time period when the research was driven and funded mostly by the DoD, and as Kress pointed out, primarily by the Air Force during this time.  Only after 1979/1980 did tasking and funding of government psychic research and applications transfer to the DIA.  Dale is the one who created the name Stargate for the this approach, and he was also the primary director of the research after it transferred over the DIA.  Even after research tasking was transferred to DIA, and Graff went with it, Hal Puthoff and SRI continued to play an active role as a contractor for that research.

Oddly – most of the Air Force research between 1975 to 1979 was left out of the Stargate files, because it fell under DoD files which were not subject to the release.  Only DIA research files were released.

At his web site, Paul Smith writes:

Paul Smith“While I have focused mostly on what is here in the Star Gate documents, I found what isn’t here also to be interesting. What seems not to be here is any documentation from the Air Force program run by Dale Graff in the Foreign Technology Division at Wright Patterson Air Force Base, beginning in 1975. That program went on for several years and achieved a number of important things. In fact, Graff and his program were directly responsible for keeping the SRI-International remote viewing research effort going after the CIA abandoned it the first time. But there is nothing to show for it, at least as far as I’ve been able to discover. There is also little in evidence from Graff’s and Dr. Jack Vorona’s offices at the Defense Intelligence Agency’s main facility in Washington, D.C.”

In fact, according to Paul Smith’s chronology, in 1975 the Air Force FTD became the “primary funder” of the SRI research program, with Dale Graff supervising.  This marked the beginning of when the majority of Hal’s funding would switch from the CIA to the military.  Prior to this, he’d only been able to obtain about $10,000 from his friend and private sponsor Bill Church (of Church’s Chicken).  But 1975 marked the beginning of what would stretch out into a $20 million dollar research program (the equivalent of just over $70 million dollars in 2007).

Examples of Air Force FTD Psychic Research in Literature

The government science research conducted at Air Force FTD was certainly extensive, according to the accounts that we could find.

One example was in 1977, when Dale Graff gave a small contract to the SRI research team to test the Soviet hypothesis that PSI was transmitted via ELF (extremely low frequency) electromagnetic waves.  Stephan Schwartz (former Navy officer and psychic researcher) procured a submarine for the SRI experiments (Schnabel, Psychic Spies, pg 207).  Another example was in March of 1979, when allegedly remote viewers working with Dale Graff at WPAFB and with SRI correctly located downed Soviet TU-22 reconnaissance aircraft.

According to to the 2002 “RV History” chronology printed by Paul Smith in Aperture, in 1980, the Air Force Chief of Staff cancelled the Air Force RV program, and Dale Graff then joined the DIA’s RV effort as “principle staff officer”.

Read this article for more information about who was responsible for sparking the DIA scientists’ interest in SRI psychic research.



Filed under: CIA,Remote Viewing — Tags: , , , , — RyanDube @ 8:57 pm






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