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We are pleased to announce the first in a series of articles by Mike Jamieson, the well known researcher and former MUFON state section director for Napa County in California.
Mike is a valued member of the REALITY uncovered forums and this article is the first in a series of many that we have planned for the future.
Part 1 - Adoption of the term "Remote Viewing"
Part 2 - The CIA Gets Hip To A New Intelligence Tool
Part 3 - All You Really Need Is An Address
Adoption of the term "Remote Viewing"
The development of a process and capacity that would later be called "remote viewing" was essentially due to a sequence of circumstances and events involving a self-described "ordinary" man whose vocation was as an artist and aspiring writer. Ingo Swann meant ordinary in the sense that he was NOT a psychic (something he has asserted at all stages of his life), but instead he considered himself to be a "consciousness researcher" with an ability to occasionally enter altered states of consciousness.
Swann's friendship and experimental work with Cleve Backster and others (such as ASPR leader Dr. Gertrude Schmeidler) would lead to him being invited to be a part of experiments that were organized by Dr. Karl Osis, director of research at the American Society for Psychical Research. Backster was (and still is) a well known polygraphist whose early work in using polygraph equipment to detect plant sensitivity to human thoughts and emotions was chronicled in a popular book, The Secret Life of Plants (1973) by Peter Tompkins and Christopher Bird. In early 1971, Swann was busy in Backster's lab sending "psi probes" into gasses contained in small metal containers. Attached electrodes measured whether or not these probes succeeded in exciting the gasses. The results were mixed, so at Backster's suggestion, Swann moved on to trying to affect organic material (from one celled animals to blood and seminal fluids).
When they began working with blood, it was found that Swann's "project probes" (psychically) consistently caused a reaction in blood cells. With these types of results, Swann noted: "If you think carefully now, you might realize the 'psychic threat' potentials of this particular kind of phenomena. Cleve and his small circle of friends certainly did. We mused these over while eating junk food in the Times Square area. If anyone knew what was going on in the world regarding things like this, Cleve certainly did because of his extensive network of contacts in law enforcement agencies and within the CIA. 'Well,' he suddenly blurted out through a mouth stuffed with frankfurter, 'you've just done something the Soviets have been working on for a long time.' I didn't quite make the connection and asked him to explain. 'The potential of invading someone's body by mind alone.'" 
(There was an increasingly popular book out during this time which pointed to interesting Soviet activities in this arena: Psychic Discoveries Behind the Iron Curtain (1970) by Sheila Ostrander and Lynn Schroeder. A growing awareness that the Soviets were using paranormal capacities, apparently even in their intelligence services, probably had an impact on our own intelligence services' interest in this type of thing.)
In October 1971, Swann was invited to participate in experiments at the American Society of Psychical Research. The experiment was staged in an upstairs room (formerly a bedroom) that was divided into two by a partition and it was designed to see if the subject (i.e. Swann) could "go out of the body" and up about 14 feet to see what objects had been placed in a tray hanging 2 feet from the high ceiling. Swann was always hooked up with electrodes connected to a brainwave recorder. On the other side of the partition was Janet Lee Mitchell, Dr. Osis's research assistant.
Interestingly, Swann had no experience with out of the body experiences and he did not feel anyone was capable of doing this at will. But, that didn't bother Dr. Osis who told Swann he would be paid $50/day. The way it was supposed to work was for Swann to try and see the contents of the tray and narrate into a tape recorder his perceptions. Later, the transcript would be compared to various drawings by a psychologist (not part of ASPR) who was unaware that OOBE perceptions were the focus of the experiment.
Despite some interesting early successes, Swann found the initial stretch (of several weeks) difficult going and, as a result, he pondered what may be inhibiting him. He realized that he was "having trouble.....articulating what I thought I was seeing into the microphone. I found I had to stop 'seeing', and think about how to say what I felt I was 'seeing' [and] then I had to verbalize it." 
Everyone agreed then to let Swann sketch what he was seeing in his mind's eye (in the attempts to perceive contents in the tray). A clipboard of paper and a pen were balanced on his knees and since any movements while drawing did not result in "artefacts" in the brainwave readout, all was set to go.
(Drawing and writing would become the standard practice in the later remote viewing tasks conducted by covert government teams. From the first to the last stages of RV efforts, typically with the guidance of a monitor, either forms and shapes or words would be utilized to illustrate the deepening perceptions in accordance with the focus of each stage.)
Like was implied before, in Swann's description of the process of "seeing" the contents of the tray, his perceptions in these experiments did not seem to generally involve a vehicle of consciousness travelling outside of the body. Therefore, a new language or vocabulary was adopted, influenced (Swann reports) by talking with Martin Ebon (apparently very aware of the Soviet scene and their use of terminology for describing enhanced perceptual capacities). So instead of struggling to fly out of his body and viewing the tray's various contents, Swann began seeing the process as involving what he called the "perceptual faculties of the biomind."
In late November 1971, Swann reports, good (albeit often partially successful) results began to emerge more consistently and by early December results were becoming repeatable and stronger. By this time, Swann's drawings were more and more clearly matching all the various objects placed in the tray above his head.
Needless to say, these picture drawings and the frequent matching's with the target objects not only excited the ASPR staff and board members, but caused them to deepen their consideration of actual process and design more challenging experiments. So, they decided to try something harder and definitely different: to see if Swann could determine the weather conditions in a distant city.
On December 8, 1971, Swann was hooked up as usual and waited while his monitor (Janet) opened up a sealed envelope; revealed was the target city of Tucson, Arizona.
Swann has described (in his online book on this history) what happened next:
And when I first heard the mention of 'Tuscon, Arizona', a picture of hot desert flashed through my mind. But then I had the sense of moving, a sense that lasted but a fraction of a second. Some part of my head or brain or perception blacked out---and THERE I was....something I would refer to years ahead as 'immediate transfer of perceptions.'
So fast was the whole of this, or so it seemed to me, that I began speaking almost as soon as Janet had narrated the distant site through the intercom. 'Am over a wet highway, buildings nearby and in the distance. The wind is blowing. Its cold. And it is raining hard.' I didn't even have time to sketch this, for it was easy enough to articulate into the tape recorder.'
'That's it?' questioned Janet through the intercom.
'Yeah, that's it---only that I'm slightly dizzy. I thought this would take longer. It's raining and very cold there.' 'Okay', Janet replied....Through the intercom I heard her dialing the number of the weather service in Tucson.
Before I could stand up, though, Janet said through the intercom: 'Well, you're right on, baby. Right now Tucson is having unexpected thunderstorms and the temperature is near freezing?'
This was only a first experiment of its kind (except for the much more moderate distance of trying to see objects recently on Dr. Osis's coffee table upstairs). In order to provide a new descriptive term for this new type of experimenting, Swann suggested that the experiments be called either "remote sensing" or "remote viewing". Dr. Osis and Gertrude Schmeidler preferred "remote viewing". And, that's the term that would be used from that point on.
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